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Easy ways to lớn clone the contents of your Windows or macOS hard drive

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This wikiHow teaches you how to lớn clone, or "ghost", your Windows or Mac computer's hard drive. Ghosting a hard drive creates a backup of the hard drive's files, settings, and operating system; you can then use the backup as its own bootable drive on another computer. If you just want to lớn create a backup of your hard drive that doesn't need to lớn be booted from, consider creating a system image instead.

Things You Should Know

  • Make sure you have a hard drive that's at least as large as the drive you want to lớn clone.
  • You can use Clonezilla to lớn ghost a drive on Windows, and SuperDuper! to lớn ghost a drive on a Mac.
  • To use Clonezilla for Windows, you'll need to lớn install it on a USB flash drive and then boot from it.
  1. Typically speaking, you'll need an external drive that's at least as large as the hard drive you want to lớn clone.

    • For example, if your computer has a 500 GB hard drive, you'll want to lớn buy a 500 GB hard drive.
    • To see your computer's hard drive size, click Start
      Windows Start
      , type in storage, click Storage, and look at the number to lớn the right of "This PC" below the "Local storage" heading.
  2. In order to lớn use Clonezilla, you'll need a flash drive with at least 2 GB of storage space.

    • Since Clonezilla is minimal program, you'll need to lớn install it onto a flash drive before you can lập cập it.

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  3. Format your external hard drive for your PC. Formatting your external drive will ensure that it is compatible with both your computer and other Windows computers.

    • When selecting a "File system" option, make sure you click either NTFS or exFAT.
  4. This is the program you'll use to lớn install Clonezilla onto your USB flash drive:

    • Go to lớn http://www.linuxliveusb.com/ in your computer's trang web browser.
    • Click Download in the middle of the page.
    • Click Download LiLi at the top of the page.
    • Double-click the downloaded LinuxLive setup tệp tin.
    • Follow the on-screen prompts.
  5. Clonezilla is a không tính tiền program that you can use to lớn clone your computer's hard drive onto an external hard drive:

    • Go to lớn https://clonezilla.org/downloads/download.php?branch=stable in your computer's trang web browser.
    • Click the "zip" drop-down box in the "Downloads" section, then click iso in the resulting drop-down thực đơn.
    • Click the grey Download button in the "Downloads" section.
    • Wait for five seconds (the tải về will begin immediately after).
  6. You'll use the LinuxLive (LiLi) USB Creator program to lớn vì thế so:

    • Open the "LiLi USB Creator" program if it didn't open after finishing the installation process, then click Yes when prompted.
    • Click the "Choose a USB key" drop-down box at the top of the window, then click your flash drive's name.
    • Click ISO / IMG / ZIP.
    • Select the Clonezilla ISO tệp tin, then click Open.
    • Check the "Format the key in FAT32" box near the bottom of the window.
    • Click the lightning bolt icon at the bottom of the window.
    • Click OK when prompted to lớn begin installing Clonezilla to lớn the USB flash drive, then close LiLi USB Creator when the installation completes.
  7. Once you're done installing Clonezilla, you can proceed with ghosting your computer's hard drive.

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  1. Typically speaking, you'll need an external drive that's at least as large as the hard drive you want to lớn clone.

    • For example, if your computer has a 500 GB hard drive, you'll want to lớn buy a 500 GB hard drive.
    • You can kiểm tra your Mac's hard drive size by clicking the Apple menu
      Mac Apple
      , clicking About This Mac, clicking the Storage tab, and looking for the number of gigabytes on the left side of the window.
  2. Format your external hard drive for your Mac. Formatting your external drive will ensure that it is compatible with both your Mac and other Macs.

    • When selecting a "Format" option during the formatting process, make sure that you click Mac OS Extended (Journaled).
  3. SuperDuper! is technically a paid program, but you can use the không tính tiền version of it to lớn create a clone of your Mac's hard drive. To tải về and install it, vì thế the following:

    • Go to lớn https://www.shirt-pocket.com/SuperDuper/SuperDuperDescription.html in your Mac's trang web browser.
    • Click the small, xanh rờn download liên kết under the "Download Now" heading in the upper-right side of the page.
    • Double-click the downloaded DMG tệp tin.
    • Verify the software if prompted.
    • Click and drag the SuperDuper! icon onto the "Applications" thư mục.
    • Follow any on-screen prompts.
  4. Once you've finished formatting your external hard drive and installing SuperDuper!, you can proceed with ghosting your Mac's hard drive.

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  1. Restart your computer into the BIOS. Click Start, click the Power icon, and click Restart, then immediately begin pressing your computer's BIOS key until the BIOS page opens.

    • In most cases, the key that you press to lớn access the BIOS will be either one of the "function" keys (e.g., F8), the Del key, or the Esc key.
    • You can kiểm tra your specific computer model's manual or online documentation to lớn find the BIOS key to lớn use.
    • If your computer's "function" keys are inverted, you'll need to lớn hold down Fn while pressing the BIOS function key.
  2. Each computer's BIOS will vary slightly, sánh kiểm tra your computer model's documentation for specific instructions on setting BIOS boot order; however, in most cases, you'll vì thế something lượt thích this:

    • Select the Boot or Advanced tab at the top of the screen.
    • Find the "Boot Order" section.
    • Find your USB flash drive's name, then select it using the arrow keys.
    • Press the + key to lớn move the USB flash drive up to lớn the top of the thực đơn. If this doesn't work, kiểm tra the key legend on the right side or bottom of the screen for explicit key instructions.
  3. You'll usually vì thế this by pressing a key that's listed in the legend on either the right side of the screen or the bottom of the screen.

  4. When the first Clonezilla page loads, press Enter to lớn proceed with the mặc định settings.

  5. Use the arrow keys to lớn scroll down to lớn the language you want to lớn use, then press Enter to lớn select the language and move on to lớn the next option.

  6. Press Enter to lớn vì thế sánh.

  7. It's the top option on the following thực đơn. Pressing Enter will take you to lớn the next page.

  8. This option is in the middle of the thực đơn.

  9. Doing sánh ensures that Clonezilla will take care of the more complicated settings.

  10. This is the top option on this page.

  11. In most cases, you'll move the cursor to lớn highlight the top hard drive; this is usually the sda hard drive (the "a" refers to lớn the first hard drive). You can double-check that you're selecting the correct drive by looking at how many gigabytes of không tính tiền space the drive has listed next to lớn its name.

    • A hard drive labelled "sdb" would be the second hard drive, "sdc" would refer to lớn the third, and sánh on.
  12. This will usually be the only option on the page, but kiểm tra the hard drive's storage number (e.g., "500 gb") near the left side of its name to lớn be sure.

  13. This ensures that Clonezilla will turn off your computer when it finishes cloning your hard drive, allowing you to lớn remove your flash drive before restarting your computer.

    • If you don't remove your flash drive before restarting your computer, your computer will just reboot from the Clonezilla installation again.
  14. Type y and press Enter when warned that the external hard drive will be overwritten, then type y and press Enter again when asked if you want to lớn clone the boot loader.

  15. This can take several hours. When Clonezilla finishes, it will turn off your computer.

  16. This will prevent your computer from restarting from one of the USB drives; at this point, you can turn back on your computer and use it lượt thích usual.

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  1. Click the Spotlight icon, which resembles a magnifying glass, in the top-right corner of the screen.

  2. Type in superduper, then double-click the SuperDuper! result in the drop-down thực đơn.

  3. You'll see this option on the left side of the SuperDuper! window. A drop-down thực đơn will appear.

  4. Click the name of your Mac's hard drive in the Copy drop-down thực đơn.

  5. It's to lớn the right of the "Copy" drop-down box. This prompts a drop-down thực đơn.

  6. Click the name of your external hard drive in the drop-down thực đơn to lớn vì thế sánh.

  7. It's below the "Copy" drop-down box.

  8. You'll find it in the drop-down thực đơn. Doing sánh ensures that your Mac's entire hard drive, settings and operating system included, will be cloned.[1]

    • Selecting Backup - user files won't create a clone of your hard drive.
  9. It's a xanh rờn button in the bottom-right corner of the window.

  10. Type in the password you use to lớn log into your Mac, then press Return.

  11. Doing sánh prompts SuperDuper! to lớn begin cloning your Mac's hard drive onto the external hard drive.

  12. This can take several hours. Once the hard drive finishes cloning, SuperDuper! will prompt you to lớn confirm; clicking OK on the prompt will complete the cloning process.

    • After confirming, you can eject your external hard drive and then unplug the external hard drive from your Mac.
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Add New Question

  • Question

    Can I ghost to lớn a memory card?

    Community Answer

    I don't believe sánh. Only storage devices recognized as :drives" can be ghosted to lớn - hard disk drives and solid state drives.

  • Question

    If I apply this process, will it generate an image of my complete hard disk, including installed software and windows?

    Community Answer

    It literally copies your whole partition or hard drive completely.

  • Question

    What should I vì thế if I want to lớn vì thế that in Notebook?

    Community Answer

    You have a few options with Notebook. If the book has 2 hard drive spaces then use the 2nd one, if you have an external hard drive you could ghost to lớn that, put the new drive in and then ghost it back. Or you can buy an external caddy for your drive to lớn ghost to lớn and then just pop it in the book. External caddies these days are pretty cheap sánh it's probably the best option in terms of saving time.

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  • Most hard drive ghosting software is paid. While the software listed in this article is không tính tiền as of August 2018, this is subject to lớn change.

  • Neither Windows 10 nor macOS has a built-in hard drive cloning feature.[2]

    Xem thêm: gb to mb

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