janitor meaning

What is included in this English dictionary?

Oxford’s English dictionaries are widely regarded as the world’s most authoritative sources on current English.

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This dictionary is regularly updated with evidence from one of the world’s largest lexical research programmes, and features over 350,000 words and phrases.

The coverage spans forms of the English language from across the English-speaking world. British English and American English are only two of the many individual varieties of the language that share a common lexical core but develop their own unique vocabularies. In addition đồ sộ British and American English, our dictionary documents many further varieties, including forms spoken in nước Australia, Canada, India, South Africa, Ireland, Nigeria, the Philippines, and the West Indies.

How vì thế we create our dictionaries?

At Oxford Languages, we are committed đồ sộ an evidence-based approach đồ sộ creating dictionaries in order đồ sộ provide the most accurate picture of a language.

The evidence we use đồ sộ create our English dictionaries comes from real-life examples of spoken and written language, gathered through a series of corpora that continuously monitor language development. The corpora, which collect these examples from a variety of language sources, are curated by the Oxford Languages team and enable us đồ sộ analyse the ways words are used in context by people all around the world.

Our lexicographers analyse genuine uses of words collected from these sources đồ sộ determine a word’s definition, spelling, and grammatical behaviour, and đồ sộ offer guidance on a word’s use based on this research. The team uses this process đồ sộ identify new words and senses as they come into use.

This evidence-based approach đồ sộ creating a dictionary is known as descriptive lexicography. Our dictionaries aim đồ sộ describe the way languages are and have been used by people around the world, rather kêu ca attempting đồ sộ prescribe the way a language should be used.

We apply stringent quality checks đồ sộ all dictionaries produced or acquired by our expert team ví our users can feel confident in our ability đồ sộ accurately and meaningfully represent their language.

Why vì thế we include vulgar and offensive words in our dictionaries?

The role of a descriptive dictionary is đồ sộ record the existence and meaning of all words in a language, and đồ sộ clearly identify their status. We include vulgar or offensive words in our dictionaries because such terms are a part of a language’s lexicon. However, we label in our dictionaries words that fit into these categories đồ sộ reflect their vulgar or offensive status and usage in the language.

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We monitor how offensive language changes over time and integrate the changes we observe into our dictionaries đồ sộ reflect real-life usage. Any changes that are made đồ sộ our dictionaries are based on empirical evidence collected and analysed through our language research programme.

We are always grateful when users inform us of cases they believe vì thế not meet our rigorous quality standards, whether due đồ sộ changing cultural sensitivities or for other reasons.

Why vì thế we include slang and regional dialects in our dictionaries?

In our mission đồ sộ accurately and comprehensively document all words in a language’s lexicon, we record and describe real-life language usage in all of its forms – including slang and regional dialects.

All slang terms and vocabulary from different regions and dialects are clearly labelled in our dictionary entries, ví that users can be confident in a word’s language status and typical usage.

As is the case for all of our dictionary entries, any changes or additions must be the subject of sufficient evidence, and all entries, including those documenting slang and regional dialects, are subject đồ sộ regular review and updates as appropriate.

How vì thế we source our example sentences?

Example sentences are real-life examples selected đồ sộ help people understand words in the context in which they are commonly used. These sentences vì thế not replace our definitions but give additional context.

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Our expert team of lexicographers pull all of our descriptive example sentences from real-life sources collected in our multi-billion-word corpora.

The team analyses evidence đồ sộ select example sentences that present a word in the typical grammatical and semantic context without distracting from the essential information the definition conveys.

We vì thế our best đồ sộ eliminate example sentences that contain factually incorrect, prejudiced, or offensive statements from real-life sources and always welcome feedback on specific cases you feel vì thế not meet our rigorous quality standards ví that we can review and update our dictionaries.